The Asian Development Bank (ADB) has approved a $235 million loan to upgrade the National Highway 55, locally referred to as N55, in Pakistan that is crucial to regional connectivity and strengthen the government’s operation and maintenance of its national highway network, the Philippines-based lending agency said in a statement on Thursday.
The project will expand the 222-kilometer Shikarpur–Rajanpur section of the N55 from two lanes into a four-lane carriageway, it said. The N55 is part of the Central Asia Regional Economic Cooperation (CAREC) Corridor 5 which links the ports of Karachi and Gwardar in southern Pakistan with national and international economic centers to the north, it added.
“This project will increase the capacity of a busy highway section that passes through populous economic centers in Sindh and Punjab provinces,” ADB Transport Specialist Rika Idei said. “The project addresses key road safety, climate resilience, and gender-specific needs to ensure users can travel safely, smoothly, and comfortably. This will facilitate the regional movement of goods and people, and support Pakistan’s economic recovery from COVID-19.”
The project will construct bus stops, emergency response centers, and traffic police facilities to ensure road safety enforcement and efficient post-crash response, the ADB said. Bus stops and emergency response centers will have gender-separated facilities and rest spaces for various users, including the elderly, women, children, and persons with disabilities.
The project will also help strengthen the capacity of the National Highway Authority (NHA) by supporting a five-year training program which was prepared with assistance from the United States Agency for International Development. The training program will cover road project operation, maintenance, design, and gender concerns and will be implemented from 2021 to 2025," it said. The loan is the second tranche of a multi-tranche financing facility designed to provide technical and financial assistance to upgrade N55 and enhance the capacity of the NHA. The first tranche of $180 million was approved in September 2017 and financed the improvement of three sections totaling 143 kilometers in Sindh and Khyber Pakhtunkhwa provinces, it said.
Pakistan is a member of the CAREC Program, a partnership of 11 countries to promote economic growth and sustainable development through regional cooperation. It is supported by development partners including ADB, which serves as the secretariat for the CAREC Program.