France's Patrick Modiano wins Nobel Literature Prize
STOCKHOLM: France's Patrick Modiano won the Nobel Literature Prize on Thursday for his enigmatic novels rooted in the trauma of the Nazi occupation and his own loveless childhood.
One of France's most celebrated writers, the 69-year-old father of two, known for his shy, gentle manner, greeted news of his award as "weird".
The Swedish Academy said it wanted to celebrate Modiano's "art of memory" in capturing the lives of ordinary French people living under the Nazis during World War II.
"He's a kind of Marcel Proust for our time," said Peter Englund, permanent secretary of the academy, praising a body of works that "speak to each other, that echo off each other, that are about memory, identity and seeking.
"They are small books... always variations on the same theme: about memory, about loss, about identity, about seeking."
French President Francois Hollande paid tribute to his "considerable body of work which explores the subtleties of memory and the complexity of identity".
Prime Minister Manuel Valls described Modiano as a "writer of succinct, incisive literature... who is without doubt one of the greatest writers of recent years".
The head of Modiano's French publisher Gallimard told AFP the author was happy, and bemused by the honour, which carries a prize sum of eight million Swedish kronor ($1.1 million, 878,000 euros).
"I had Modiano on the telephone. I congratulated him and with his customary modesty he told me 'it's weird', but he was very happy," Antoine Gallimard said.
Modiano has called the occupation of France during World War II "the soil I grew up in".
His father Alberto Modiano was an Italian Jew with ties to the Gestapo -- and to organised crime gangs -- who was spared from wearing the yellow star. His mother was a Flemish actress named Louisa Colpeyn. The pair met in Paris in 1942.
Their son Patrick was born three years later, at the end of the war, in the Paris suburb of Boulogne, into a family whose complex background set the scene for a lifelong obsession with that dark period in history.
Published when he was just 22, in 1967, his first novel "La place de l'etoile" (The Star's Place), was a direct reference to that mark of shame inflicted on the Jews.
It was the first of many recreations of wartime Paris stuffed with meticulous detail -- street names, cafes, metro stations and real-life crime cases of the day -- earning him the moniker of literary archaeologist.
His novels are also full of enigma, and winks to the reader: a critic once counted five characters from five different novels -- who all shared the same telephone number: Auteuil 15-28.
Along with collaborationist France, Modiano's work is haunted by his cold upbringing -- once leading him to joke that his mother's heart was so cold her lap-sized pet chow-chow leapt from a window to its death.
The eldest of two boys, the young Patrick Modiano spent long, unhappy periods in boarding school. His beloved younger brother Rudy died in 1957, when the author was still a boy, and he dedicated his early works to his memory.
At the age of 17, Modiano broke all ties with his father, who died 15 years later and who he took to task in several of his books.
Still a teenager, Modiano left school and began to write, by hand as he would continue to do throughout his life.
"I was not yet 20, but my memories date to before I was born," he has said.
While his childhood has been a rich source of material, the author says he is not given to wallowing, or indeed to soul searching.
"I have nothing to confess, nothing to clear up and I have no need for self-examination,"he once said.
"I write these pages as you would write a resume, or an accident report, like a documentary and probably to be done with a life that was not mine."
In 1972, Modiano was awarded the French Academy's Grand Prize for "Ring Roads", and the prestigious Goncourt Prize followed in 1978 for "Missing Person".
In 1996, he won the National Literature Grand Prize for his entire work. His latest book, "Pour que tu ne te perdes pas dans le quartier" (So you don't get lost in the neighbourhood) appeared this month.
Apart from a long series of books, in the early 1970s, Modiano co-wrote the screenplay for Lacombe Lucien, a movie directed by Louis Malle focusing on French collaboration with the Nazis.
Although translated into more than 30 languages, he is said to have trouble expressing himself in public and once refused a nomination to the elite Academie Francaise.
He will be Modiano will be presented with his award at a formal ceremony in Stockholm on December 10, the anniversary of prize founder Alfred Nobel's death in 1896.
Last year's Nobel Literature Prize went to the Canadian short-story writer Alice Munro. (AFP)